The current price of gasoline and oil is the same as in January 2022, but the prices of many essential commodities such as pork, passenger freight, freight, food and groceries are still the same. keep anchor prices high.
This situation has happened many times and this time is no exception,” Petroleum falls, raw material prices do not fall ” is a topic discussed by experts from the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management and the economic experts. discussion and answers in the discussion session of the Government Portal on 4 August.
Deputy Director of the Department of Price Management (Ministry of Finance), Ms. Dinh Thi Nuong, explained that because some raw materials are affected by the price of gasoline, there is a delay in lowering the price because it is necessary to review the cost factors . pricing costs, from which the reduced sales price according to the petrol price can be determined.
Economic expert Can Van Luc agrees with the opinion about the lagging market prices. Mr Luc also gives a number of other reasons. According to Mr. Luc, companies usually calculate to immediately reduce the price of other products related to gasoline, they are afraid and it will be difficult to increase it later. Consumers can object or disagree.
“I think it’s sensible, but not convincing enough, because it’s clear the water goes up, the boat up, the water down, the boat down. I agree there is a delay, but it can’t be months or months, just obviously. After a few weeks, the price should be adjusted immediately,” said Mr. Luc.
The price of transportation services has not fallen is one of the biggest concerns of people lately, as this is said to be an industry closely related to the price of gasoline. When the price of gasoline rises, the freight rate rises immediately. But as the price of gasoline fell, the price of transportation continued to stagnate.
According to Mr. Tran Bao Ngoc – Director of the Department of Transport (Ministry of Transport), for each different mode of transport (waterway, road, rail, aviation, maritime) the share of fuel and petrol costs is different.
Even in the same mode of road transport, taxis also differ from long-distance fixed-route vehicles, but if the numbers are average, the transport costs make up about 30-40% of the total cost of the elements. factor in transport costs.
The question is, why is it that when the price of gasoline and oil is continuously falling as it is now, the freight price shows no sign of decline, anchored even higher, Mr Ngoc explained:
First, there are many factors that make up the cost of transportation, or the cost of services in general. With a variable factor, business units have to recalculate.
Second, the salesperson must consider the psychological factors of customers and then competitors.
Third, for road transport, such as taxis, one will have to declare prices to the Ministry of Transport, adjust the meter, reprint the price list, which is also the most delayed. determined.
“But I agree with the point of view, we should not be late” – said Mr Ngoc – “Those things take time, but also need to be in time to respond when the fuel has already decreased, which is the factor which is responsible for the loss of fuel. 30% – 40% of the cost of components that you have not or slowly reduced, that is not correct either.”
Mr Ngoc also said that transportation companies must fully comply with price management regulations, such as declaring prices, or for fields where the state has regulations on price ranges. Do not increase the price outside the frame. After indicating the price, the full price must be stated. After stating the price, it must be sold at the stated price… The strong measure in the present and the future is to strengthen the inspection work.
When the inspectors find violations, they will take a strict approach to instruments of decrees, regulations on the settlement of administrative violations in the field of price control or the Decree on the settlement of administrative violations in the field of transport.
Mr Ngoc added that for units that “just increase but not decrease”, which are not suitable for the reduced fuel situation, legal regulations apply, which may have to be refunded to passengers when collected. also, even the authorities can revoke the badge.